40l. We should make every possible effort to improve the position of blacks and other minorities, even if it means giving them preferential treatment

Total

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total Agree 2426282430343429----31--31----2430------33--31----33
Total Disagree 7171687367636369----65--65----7267------62--65----62

Party

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Republican Agree 1517181321241919----15--17----1416------17--13----12
Republican Disagree 8380798476737779----80--81----8482------82--84----85
Democrat Agree 3335383338444340----41--45----3542------41--45----52
Democrat Disagree 6261586359535558----56--52----6054------52--51----43
Independent Agree 2223252131333528----33--29----2428------38--28----31
Independent Disagree 7274727666656270----64--66----7370------59--67----66

Sex

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Male Agree 2325282427303126----29--27----2131------35--28----31
Male Disagree 7372697370676872----68--70----7667------62--67----64
Female Agree 2627292333363632----33--34----2728------32--34----34
Female Disagree 7070677263606066----63--61----6967------62--62----60

Age

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
18-29 Agree 3133342941424541----42--42----3744------54--44----44
18-29 Disagree 6463636857565257----55--56----5953------43--51----49
30-49 Agree 2326282525323026----32--25----1926------30--30----32
30-49 Disagree 7371687172676772----66--71----7872------67--67----65
50-64 Agree 2218202125273225----23--29----2129------25--25----30
50-64 Disagree 7579777771686673----71--67----7669------71--71----67
65+ Agree 2124311632343027----25--33----2623------30--26----26
65+ Disagree 7374657961606771----70--62----6773------62--69----68

Generation

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Greatest Agree 2119251833342828------------------------------------
Greatest Disagree 7478707963607069------------------------------------
Silent Agree 2121232123273223----26--28----2623------28--25----26
Silent Disagree 7576757673696675----68--67----7173------66--70----68
Boomer Agree 2628282527323127----30--24----1825------25--27----29
Boomer Disagree 7069687170666772----68--71----7973------73--70----67
Gen X Agree ------3044454541----40--37----2533------32--30----31
Gen X Disagree ------6754535157----57--62----7264------65--67----65
Millennial Agree --------------------------------53------62--45----44
Millennial Disagree --------------------------------45------34--49----50

Race

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
White Agree 1619221426292924----25--25----1722------24--22----22
White Disagree 8079768271696974----71--70----7976------72--76----73
Black Agree 6470656759666160----62--61----5554------57--58----62
Black Disagree 3126293134283639----35--37----4039------39--36----34
Hispanic Agree --------------------------------57------67--53----59
Hispanic Disagree --------------------------------41------28--35----32

Education

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
College Grad Agree 2629312427342724----27--30----2333------28--27----31
College Grad Disagree 7169657371646774----70--67----7564------68--70----65
Some College Agree 2221211730302924----24--20----2127------27--25----24
Some College Disagree 7577778068687075----73--77----7671------68--72----73
HS Grad or Less Agree 2527302631353834----35--35----2629------39--37----40
HS Grad or Less Disagree 7070667064616064----60--59----6967------57--58----53

Income

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Low Agree 3538323939424641----42--39----3941------53--41----52
Low Disagree 6060635855555257----54--56----5753------42--53----40
Lower-middle Agree 2729312435353832----34--41----2631------33--36----32
Lower-middle Disagree 6867667262615967----61--56----7168------61--61----64
Upper-middle Agree 1923271726312519----27--26----1723------28--24----30
Upper-middle Disagree 7875697972687380----71--72----8074------70--74----67
Upper Agree 1817231919292725----23--23----2025------27--25----23
Upper Disagree 8081747978707074----74--75----7973------71--74----75

Religious Preference

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
White Evangelical Protestant Agree 11161713--292819----23--24----1715------21--16----14
White Evangelical Protestant Disagree 86828085--697179----73--73----7983------77--80----82
White Mainline Protestant Agree 15191915--262522----25--26----1622------20--19----24
White Mainline Protestant Disagree 82797881--707376----71--68----8175------74--79----72
White Catholic Agree 1917221227273127----28--27----1819------27--25----16
White Catholic Disagree 7679758372706770----69--68----8079------71--73----83
Unaffiliated Agree 26254028313742------32--------2342------37--29----38
Unaffiliated Disagree 67685366666055------65--------7256------55--66----55