30s Many people today think they can get ahead without working hard and making sacrifices

Total

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Total Agree ----------63--64----62--63------60----------60----54
Total Disagree ----------35--34----36--36------38----------37----45

Party

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Republican Agree ----------68--67----70--69------66----------67----65
Republican Disagree ----------30--33----29--31------33----------32----34
Democrat Agree ----------60--63----58--56------51----------53----45
Democrat Disagree ----------38--36----41--43------46----------43----54
Independent Agree ----------63--64----60--67------62----------63----54
Independent Disagree ----------35--33----38--33------36----------35----44

Sex

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Male Agree ----------63--64----62--64------59----------61----53
Male Disagree ----------35--34----35--35------39----------37----46
Female Agree ----------64--64----62--63------60----------60----54
Female Disagree ----------34--34----37--36------37----------37----44

Age

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
18-29 Agree ----------65--70----63--64------66----------63----60
18-29 Disagree ----------34--30----36--36------34----------36----40
30-49 Agree ----------62--64----62--64------56----------63----55
30-49 Disagree ----------37--34----36--35------43----------35----44
50-64 Agree ----------64--64----58--61------58----------57----48
50-64 Disagree ----------33--35----40--38------38----------39----50
65+ Agree ----------63--59----65--63------65----------59----53
65+ Disagree ----------33--38----33--36------31----------35----44

Generation

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Greatest Agree ----------63--55------------------------------------
Greatest Disagree ----------33--42------------------------------------
Silent Agree ----------64--66----60--62------61----------60----54
Silent Disagree ----------32--32----39--37------37----------35----42
Boomer Agree ----------62--64----61--62------53----------58----50
Boomer Disagree ----------38--35----37--36------45----------39----48
Gen X Agree ----------67--70----63--66------66----------63----55
Gen X Disagree ----------33--30----36--34------34----------35----45
Millennial Agree --------------------------------66----------63----58
Millennial Disagree --------------------------------34----------37----42

Race

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
White Agree ----------64--65----64--64------63----------63----56
White Disagree ----------34--33----35--34------35----------34----42
Black Agree ----------63--56----57--59------57----------57----51
Black Disagree ----------34--44----41--41------40----------39----48
Hispanic Agree --------------------------------47----------48----47
Hispanic Disagree --------------------------------52----------47----53

Education

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
College Grad Agree ----------61--67----59--61------61----------58----52
College Grad Disagree ----------37--32----38--38------39----------40----46
Some College Agree ----------66--70----62--65------64----------64----58
Some College Disagree ----------33--30----37--34------34----------34----41
HS Grad or Less Agree ----------63--61----64--63------58----------60----52
HS Grad or Less Disagree ----------35--36----35--35------40----------36----47

Income

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Low Agree ----------57--65----60--55------58----------55----52
Low Disagree ----------41--33----37--42------39----------40----47
Lower-middle Agree ----------62--59----62--64------59----------60----50
Lower-middle Disagree ----------36--38----37--36------39----------37----49
Upper-middle Agree ----------67--65----61--65------61----------68----58
Upper-middle Disagree ----------32--34----38--34------38----------31----41
Upper Agree ----------66--67----62--68------61----------58----56
Upper Disagree ----------32--33----36--31------38----------41----42

Religious Preference

19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
White Evangelical Protestant Agree ----------68--70----73--72------66----------70----69
White Evangelical Protestant Disagree ----------30--28----26--28------32----------28----30
White Mainline Protestant Agree ----------63--62----62--62------62----------62----51
White Mainline Protestant Disagree ----------35--37----37--37------36----------34----49
White Catholic Agree ----------63--59----54--61------67----------64----53
White Catholic Disagree ----------36--38----45--37------32----------35----44
Unaffiliated Agree ----------59--------63----------53----------59----46
Unaffiliated Disagree ----------39--------34----------45----------38----53