30f. Hard work offers little guarantee of success

Total

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total Agree 293241364432--39----33--29----3030------34--33----35
Total Disagree 686657635466--60----65--69----6868------64--64----63

Party

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Republican Agree 242634313427--33----31--18----2319------20--24----28
Republican Disagree 747265696572--67----68--80----7680------78--75----71
Democrat Agree 323645365138--42----32--33----3636------38--36----39
Democrat Disagree 656353634659--57----67--66----6262------60--62----59
Independent Agree 313143394730--41----36--30----3132------37--36----36
Independent Disagree 666755605169--58----63--69----6766------61--62----63

Sex

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Male Agree 303241344132--37----32--28----2930------32--33----35
Male Disagree 686657655767--62----66--71----6968------66--65----64
Female Agree 293240384732--41----35--30----3130------36--34----36
Female Disagree 676757615065--58----64--68----6767------63--64----62

Age

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
18-29 Agree 283143363929--36----30--25----2831------35--32----33
18-29 Disagree 706856636070--63----68--74----7268------65--65----66
30-49 Agree 283040354628--35----33--27----2928------35--31----35
30-49 Disagree 706958655471--64----66--72----6970------65--68----64
50-64 Agree 333840374739--47----36--33----3130------34--34----36
50-64 Disagree 656158625160--52----63--67----6768------64--64----62
65+ Agree 313442384538--44----32--34----3535------34--41----38
65+ Disagree 656455594855--54----64--62----5960------62--53----60

Generation

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Greatest Agree 323341394538--47------------------------------------
Greatest Disagree 646656604957--53------------------------------------
Silent Agree 313839354737--44----34--34----3432------31--40----37
Silent Disagree 686159645262--54----65--66----6365------65--54----61
Boomer Agree 282940364528--35----35--28----2928------34--34----37
Boomer Disagree 697058635471--64----65--71----6970------65--65----62
Gen X Agree ------343829--36----30--25----2931------35--29----36
Gen X Disagree ------646171--63----69--73----7068------65--70----63
Millennial Agree --------------------------------31------35--34----33
Millennial Disagree --------------------------------67------64--64----66

Race

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
White Agree 263039344430--37----33--27----2726------30--30----32
White Disagree 716959655568--62----66--72----7072------69--68----67
Black Agree 415050445543--48----31--41----4541------47--39----46
Black Disagree 554845544254--52----68--56----5356------51--59----52
Hispanic Agree --------------------------------45------44--43----45
Hispanic Disagree --------------------------------54------54--53----53

Education

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
College Grad Agree 172131233320--20----17--19----1915------21--20----25
College Grad Disagree 827968776680--79----83--80----8083------78--79----75
Some College Agree 252535274225--36----26--27----2827------30--30----33
Some College Disagree 737464725774--64----72--72----7172------68--68----66
HS Grad or Less Agree 353845424939--47----42--34----3739------43--43----45
HS Grad or Less Disagree 626052564858--51----56--63----6058------55--54----53

Income

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Low Agree 414544495544--48----45--44----4443------49--43----46
Low Disagree 545353494153--50----52--55----5154------49--54----51
Lower-middle Agree 333743404738--44----33--33----3638------37--40----46
Lower-middle Disagree 646154595161--56----66--67----6160------61--57----53
Upper-middle Agree 252844334227--38----30--25----2523------33--32----31
Upper-middle Disagree 737155675873--62----69--73----7375------66--67----68
Upper Agree 212032253519--27----22--15----1616------21--20----23
Upper Disagree 788067746480--72----78--85----8383------78--80----76

Religious Preference

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
White Evangelical Protestant Agree 25303438--30--38----36--23----2931------31--31----33
White Evangelical Protestant Disagree 74696462--68--62----62--75----6867------67--67----65
White Mainline Protestant Agree 28283932--30--35----32--25----2520------29--31----34
White Mainline Protestant Disagree 70695966--68--65----68--73----7278------68--65----66
White Catholic Agree 272944334629--42----37--33----2727------27--31----30
White Catholic Disagree 697054665368--55----63--66----7271------71--67----69
Unaffiliated Agree 283338315032--------28--------2535------35--31----34
Unaffiliated Disagree 696559684966--------70--------7461------64--68----65