Analyze Groups and Issues

The Pew Research Center's Political Typology divides the public into eight politically engaged groups, along with a ninth group of less engaged Bystanders.

Compare the Typology Groups On

Typology Group Profiles

The Pew Research Center's Political Typology is a longstanding effort to go beyond Red vs. Blue and sort Americans into cohesive groups based on values, political beliefs and party affiliation. The 2011 Typology divides the public into eight politically engaged groups, along with a ninth group of less engaged Bystanders. This is the fifth typology created by the Pew Research Center since 1987.

Explore the typology by:

  • Selecting the name of a typology group on the left to explore its characteristics.
  • Selecting a topic above to learn how the groups differ in their views of key issues.

  Staunch Conservatives

9% of the public

What They Believe
  • Extremely critical of the federal government
  • Favor an assertive foreign policy
  • Pro-business; against stricter environmental laws and regulations
  • Strongly opposed to abortion and same-sex marriage
  • Convinced the 2010 health care law will be bad for the country
  • View immigrants as a threat to traditional American customs and values
  • Nearly half believe President Obama born outside the United States
Who They Are
  • 84% are Republicans
  • 72% agree with the Tea Party
  • More than nine-in-ten are non-Hispanic white
  • The oldest typology group (61% are age 50 and older)
  • 56% are male; most are married and financially comfortable
  • 57% own guns and 57% attend church every week
  • 54% regularly watch Fox News
  • More watch Glenn Beck and listen to Rush Limbaugh than any other group

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Staunch Conservatives

General Public

  • Government is almost always wasteful and inefficient
  •   90%
  •   55%
  • The best way to ensure peace is through military strength
  •   76%
  •   31%
  • Most corporations make a fair and reasonable profit
  •   78%
  •   39%
  • Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy
  •   92%
  •   39%
  • The government today can't afford to do much more to help the needy
  •   87%
  •   51%
  • New health care law will have a mostly bad effect on U.S. health care
  •   80%
  •   27%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   90%
  •   71%
  • The U.S. stands above all other countries in the world
  •   67%
  •   38%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values
  •   68%
  •   39%

  Main Street Republicans

11% of the public

What They Believe
  • Highly critical of government
  • Strongly opposed to abortion and same-sex marriage
  • Less enamored of business than the Staunch Conservatives
  • Generally negative about immigrants
  • Mostly opposed to social welfare programs
  • Confident that hard work pays off
  • Supportive of government efforts to protect the environment
Who They Are
  • 76% are Republicans
  • Most are homeowners (84%); 51% have a gun in the household
  • Predominately non-Hispanic white (88%)
  • Highly religious (91% say religion is a very important part of their lives)
  • Concentrated in the South and Midwest
  • Nearly one-quarter (24%) follow NASCAR racing
  • Most say they have enough income to lead the life they want

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Main Street Republicans

General Public

  • Government is almost always wasteful and inefficient
  •   72%
  •   55%
  • The government today can't afford to do much more to help the needy
  •   75%
  •   51%
  • Business corporations make too much profit
  •   58%
  •   54%
  • Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost
  •   67%
  •   53%
  • Homosexuality should be discouraged by society
  •   60%
  •   33%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   91%
  •   71%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values
  •   56%
  •   39%
  • The best way to achieve peace is through military strength
  •   39%
  •   31%

  Libertarians

9% of the public

What They Believe
  • Economically very conservative but moderate to liberal on social issues
  • Highly critical of government
  • Strongly pro-business
  • Accepting of homosexuality
  • Less religious than the average American
  • Moderate views about immigrants compared to other GOP-oriented groups
Who They Are
  • Strong Republican-orientation, though a majority identify as independents
  • Affluent: 39% have incomes of $75,000 or more
  • Two-thirds are male
  • 85% are non-Hispanic whites
  • About seven-in-ten (71%) have attended college
  • About half as likely as the two strongest GOP groups to attend church weekly
  • 56% use social networking sites
  • 36% trade stocks

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Libertarians

General Public

  • Government is almost always wasteful and inefficient
  •   82%
  •   55%
  • The government today can't afford to do much more to help the needy
  •   85%
  •   51%
  • Most corporations make a fair and reasonable profit
  •   83%
  •   39%
  • Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy
  •   79%
  •   39%
  • Homosexuality should be accepted by society
  •   71%
  •   58%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   53%
  •   71%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries strengthens American society
  •   52%
  •   52%
  • Most people who want to get ahead can make it if they're willing to work hard
  •   80%
  •   62%

  Disaffecteds

11% of the public

What They Believe
  • Highly critical of both government and business
  • Sympathetic to the poor and supportive of social welfare programs
  • Concerned about immigration
  • Majority believes the country can't solve many of its important problems
  • Religious and socially conservative
Who They Are
  • Most financially stressed of the groups: nearly half describe their household as "struggling"
  • 71% have experienced unemployment in their household in the past 12 months
  • About two-thirds have only a high school education or less
  • Compared with the national average of 33%, more are parents (44%)
  • 26% have a U.S. passport — well below the national average
  • 23% follow NASCAR racing

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Disaffecteds

General Public

  • Government is almost always wasteful and inefficient
  •   73%
  •   55%
  • Business corporations make too much profit
  •   73%
  •   54%
  • I often don't have enough money to make ends meet
  •   83%
  •   43%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   84%
  •   71%
  • The government should do more to help needy Americans, even if it means going deeper into debt
  •   61%
  •   41%
  • Immigrants today are a burden on our country because they take our jobs, housing and health care
  •   64%
  •   44%
  • This country can't solve many of its important problems
  •   56%
  •   37%
  • We should pay less attention to problems overseas and concentrate on problems here at home
  •   73%
  •   58%

  Post-Moderns

13% of the public

What They Believe
  • Generally supportive of government, though more conservative on race policies and the safety net
  • Strongly supportive of regulation and environmental protection
  • Most (56%) say Wall Street helps the economy more than it hurts
  • Very liberal on social issues, including same-sex marriage
  • One of the least religious groups: nearly a third are unaffiliated with any religious tradition
  • Favor the use of diplomacy rather than force
Who They Are
  • The youngest of the typology groups: 32% under age 30
  • A majority are non-Hispanic white and have at least some college experience
  • Half live in either the Northeast or the West
  • A majority (58%) live in the suburbs
  • 63% use social networking
  • One-in-five regularly listen to NPR; 14% regularly watch The Daily Show

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Post-Moderns

General Public

  • This country should do whatever it takes to protect the environment
  •   91%
  •   71%
  • The government today can't afford to do much more to help the needy
  •   66%
  •   51%
  • Our country has made the changes needed to give blacks equal rights with whites
  •   69%
  •   49%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   42%
  •   71%
  • Homosexuality should be accepted by society
  •   91%
  •   58%
  • Wall Street helps the American economy more than it hurts
  •   56%
  •   38%
  • Good diplomacy is the best way to ensure peace
  •   76%
  •   58%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries strengthens American society
  •   71%
  •   52%

  New Coalition Democrats

10% of the public

What They Believe
  • Strongly pro-government
  • Upbeat about the country's ability to solve problems and an individual's ability to get ahead through hard work
  • Approve of regulation and environmental protection
  • More positive about business than other Democratic-oriented groups
  • Generally liberal on racial issues
  • Hospitable to immigrants: 78% believe they strengthen society
  • Very religious and socially conservative
Who They Are
  • 56% are Democrats
  • Majority-minority group: 34% white, 30% black and 26% Latino
  • About three-in-ten are first or second generation Americans
  • 55% have only a high school education or less
  • 23% are not registered to vote
  • Only 34% read a daily newspaper
  • Half are regular volunteers for charity or non-profit groups

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  New Coalition Democrats

General Public

  • Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest
  •   77%
  •   47%
  • Would rather have a bigger government providing more services
  •   65%
  •   42%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries strengthens American society
  •   78%
  •   52%
  • Our country needs to continue making changes to give blacks equal rights with whites
  •   69%
  •   45%
  • Good diplomacy is the best way to ensure peace
  •   74%
  •   58%
  • Most corporations make a fair and reasonable profit
  •   53%
  •   39%
  • Homosexuality should be discouraged by society
  •   47%
  •   33%
  • Religion is a very important part of my life
  •   92%
  •   71%

  Hard-Pressed Democrats

13% of the public

What They Believe
  • Very cynical about government
  • Critical of business
  • Supportive of the social safety net
  • View immigrants as an economic burden and a cultural threat
  • Supportive of environmental protection, but concerned about its economic impact
  • Pessimistic about their future finances
  • Socially conservative and very religious
Who They Are
  • 84% are Democrats
  • More than six-in-ten are female
  • Largely blue collar; about two-thirds have no formal education beyond high school
  • One of two groups with a sizeable concentration of African Americans (35%)
  • Nearly half live in the South (48%), with many others in the Midwest (23%)
  • More than four-in-ten describe their household as struggling
  • 61% regularly watch network evening news and 44% watch CNN
  • 23% follow NASCAR racing

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Hard-Pressed Democrats

General Public

  • Government is almost always wasteful and inefficient
  •   68%
  •   55%
  • Business corporations make too much profit
  •   79%
  •   54%
  • The government should do more to help needy Americans, even if it means going deeper into debt
  •   60%
  •   41%
  • Our country needs to continue making changes to give blacks equal rights with whites
  •   62%
  •   45%
  • Immigrants today are a burden on our country because they take our jobs, housing and health care
  •   76%
  •   44%
  • I often don't have enough money to make ends meet
  •   68%
  •   43%
  • It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values
  •   75%
  •   48%
  • This country can't solve many of its important problems
  •   48%
  •   37%

  Solid Liberals

14% of the public

What They Believe
  • Strongly pro-government and very liberal on a broad range of issues
  • Very supportive of regulation, environmental protection and government assistance to the poor
  • One of the most secular groups; 59% say that religion is not that important to them
  • Supportive of the country's growing racial and ethnic diversity
  • Two-thirds disagree with the Tea Party
Who They Are
  • Highly politically engaged
  • 75% are Democrats
  • Concentrated in the Northeast and West
  • 57% are female
  • Best educated of the groups: 49% hold at least a bachelor's degree and 27% have post-graduate experience
  • A third regularly listen to NPR, about two-in-ten regularly watch The Daily Show and read The New York Times
  • 59% have a passport
  • 42% regularly buy organic foods
  • 21% are first or second generation Americans

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Solid Liberals

General Public

  • Government often does a better job than people give it credit for
  •   74%
  •   39%
  • The government should do more to help needy Americans, even if it means going deeper into debt
  •   74%
  •   41%
  • Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest
  •   86%
  •   47%
  • Business corporations make too much profit
  •   77%
  •   54%
  • Our country needs to continue making changes to give blacks equal rights with whites
  •   77%
  •   45%
  • Good diplomacy is the best way to ensure peace
  •   89%
  •   58%
  • The growing number of newcomers from other countries strengthens American society
  •   84%
  •   52%
  • Homosexuality should be accepted by society
  •   92%
  •   58%

  Bystanders

10% of the public

Defined by their disengagement from the political process, either by choice or because they are ineligible to vote. They are highly unlikely to vote (61% say they seldom vote, and 39% volunteer that they never vote; none are currently registered to vote). Most follow government and public affairs only now and then (42%) or hardly at all (23%). They are diverse in their political views though they lean Democratic, and their values more often align with the Democratic than the Republican groups.

Who They Are
  • Overwhelmingly young: 51% are under 30
  • Majority are non-white; 38% are Latino
  • 33% are immigrants or children of immigrants
  • Not well-off: 54% have annual incomes under $30,000
  • Nearly two-thirds say they or someone in their household was unemployed in the past year
  • Relatively few have a gun in the household
  • Only 8% trade stocks
  • Just 33% own their home

How this group compares to the rest of the country on key issues …

  Bystanders

General Public

Experienced unemployment

Question Over the past 12 months, has there been a time when you or someone in your household has been without a job and looking for work, or not?

  No unemployment Unemployment in HH in last year
Staunch Conservatives 61% 39%
Main Street Republicans 61 39
Libertarians 58 42
Disaffecteds 29 71
Post-Moderns 64 36
New Coalition Democrats 47 53
Hard-Pressed Democrats 37 63
Solid Liberals 51 48
Bystanders    
Total 49 51

Recession impact

Question Overall, which of the following best describes how the recession affected your own personal financial situation? It had a major effect, and your finances have not recovered; it had a major effect, but your finances have mostly recovered; OR it didn't have a major effect on your finances?

      Major impact, not yet recovered   Major impact, mostly recovered
Staunch Conservatives 46% 21%
Main Street Republicans 32 25
Libertarians 37 26
Disaffecteds 63 16
Post-Moderns 15 40
New Coalition Democrats 41 16
Hard-Pressed Democrats 53 20
Solid Liberals 30 33
   
Bystanders 40 24

Currently underemployed

Question Unemployed or underemployed: Unemployed and looking for work or working part-time, would prefer full-time.

 
Staunch Conservatives 9%
Main Street Republicans 10
Libertarians 14
Disaffecteds 20
Post-Moderns 17
New Coalition Democrats 27
Hard-Pressed Democrats 24
Solid Liberals 17
   
Bystanders 19

Top economic worry

Question Which of the following national economic issues worries you most?

    Job
situation
  Rising
prices
  Federal budget deficit   Problems in housing/financial markets
Staunch Conservatives 17% 15% 50% 10%
Main Street Republicans 24 26 34 11
Libertarians 23 12 49 11
Disaffecteds 43 36 9 8
Post-Moderns 32 24 28 14
New Coalition Democrats 42 27 12 13
Hard-Pressed Democrats 33 42 14 8
Solid Liberals 46 21 19 13
   
Total 34 28 24 10

Hard work & success

Question Which comes closer to your view: Most people who want to get ahead can make it if they're willing to work hard OR Hard work and determination are no guarantee of success for most people?

  Hard work no guarantee of success Most can get ahead if work hard
Staunch Conservatives 17% 79%
Main Street Republicans 29 68
Libertarians 18 80
Disaffecteds 47 50
Post-Moderns 26 70
New Coalition Democrats 32 64
Hard-Pressed Democrats 44 51
Solid Liberals 50 45
Bystanders    
Total 34 62

National satisfaction

Question All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country today?

  Not satisfied Satisfied
Staunch Conservatives 95% 4%
Main Street Republicans 81 14
Libertarians 83 14
Disaffecteds 86 10
Post-Moderns 52 40
New Coalition Democrats 57 31
Hard-Pressed Democrats 82 15
Solid Liberals 67 28
Bystanders    
Total 73 22

Obama job approval

Question Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?

  Disapprove Approve
Staunch Conservatives 97% 1%
Main Street Republicans 65 27
Libertarians 76 16
Disaffecteds 57 28
Post-Moderns 19 65
New Coalition Democrats 12 83
Hard-Pressed Democrats 22 69
Solid Liberals 7 90
Bystanders    
Total 39 51

Attention to government

Question Would you say you follow what's going on in government and public affairs: Most of the time, some of the time, only now and then, or hardly at all?

  Follow government most of the time
Staunch Conservatives 75%
Main Street Republicans 54
Libertarians 67
Disaffecteds 46
Post-Moderns 53
New Coalition Democrats 46
Hard-Pressed Democrats 48
Solid Liberals 61
   
Bystanders 50

Political participation

Question Have you participated in a political campaign, meeting, or rally over the last 5 years, or not?

  Participation within the past 5 years
Staunch Conservatives 32%
Main Street Republicans 18
Libertarians 21
Disaffecteds 15
Post-Moderns 15
New Coalition Democrats 18
Hard-Pressed Democrats 14
Solid Liberals 37
   
Bystanders 20

2012 vote preference

Question Looking ahead, would you like to see Barack Obama re-elected president in 2012 or would you prefer that a Republican candidate win the election?

  Prefer Republican Reelect Obama
  Based on registered voters
Staunch Conservatives 91%
Main Street Republicans 73 11
Libertarians 70 7
Disaffecteds 48 22
Post-Moderns 16 60
New Coalition Democrats 5 75
Hard-Pressed Democrats 11 78
Solid Liberals 2 95
Bystanders    
Total 37 47

Tea Party

Question From what you know, do you agree or disagree with the Tea Party movement, or don't you have an opinion either way?

    Agree   Disagree   No opinion
Staunch Conservatives 72% 2% 26%
Main Street Republicans 32 8 57
Libertarians 44 10 43
Disaffecteds 19 12 67
Post-Moderns 7 37 53
New Coalition Democrats 8 28 60
Hard-Pressed Democrats 10 28 58
Solid Liberals 1 67 29
   
Bystanders 19 25 53

I like elected officials who…

Question Which comes closer to your own views - even if neither is exactly right. I like elected officials who …

  Compromise with those they disagree with Stick to their positions
Staunch Conservatives 17% 79%
Main Street Republicans 38 56
Libertarians 31 60
Disaffecteds 27 64
Post-Moderns 60 37
New Coalition Democrats 35 59
Hard-Pressed Democrats 31 60
Solid Liberals 70 25
Bystanders    
Total 40 54

Trust in Government

Question How much of the time do you think you can trust the government in Washington to do what is right? Just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time?

  Some of the time/never Always/most of the time
Staunch Conservatives 97% 3%
Main Street Republicans 71 28
Libertarians 86 14
Disaffecteds 80 19
Post-Moderns 53 46
New Coalition Democrats 57 40
Hard-Pressed Democrats 73 25
Solid Liberals 61 38
Bystanders    
Total 70 29

U.S. standing in the world

Question Which of these statements best describes your opinion about the United States? The U.S. stands above all other countries in the world, the U.S. is one of the greatest countries in the world, along with some others, or there are other countries that are better than the U.S.?

    U.S. stands above all other countries   U.S. one of greatest countries, with others   Other countries are better than U.S.
Staunch Conservatives 67% 32% 1%
Main Street Republicans 49 46 4
Libertarians 38 56 5
Disaffecteds 40 47 11
Post-Moderns 27 65 7
New Coalition Democrats 40 54 4
Hard-Pressed Democrats 42 52 6
Solid Liberals 19 62 17
   
Bystanders 38 53 8

Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution should be based on…

Question Should the U.S. Supreme Court base its rulings on its understanding of what the U.S. Constitution meant as it was originally written, or should the court base its rulings on its understanding of what the U.S. Constitution means in current times?

  Meaning in current times Meaning as originally written
Staunch Conservatives 10% 88%
Main Street Republicans 32 64
Libertarians 28 70
Disaffecteds 36 55
Post-Moderns 70 27
New Coalition Democrats 54 40
Hard-Pressed Democrats 53 40
Solid Liberals 81 15
Bystanders    
Total 50 45

Importance of the deficit

Question Considering what the president and Congress need to deal with, do you think reducing the budget deficit should be a top priority, important but lower priority, not too important, or does it not need to be addressed this year?

  Top priority this year
Staunch Conservatives 84%
Main Street Republicans 64
Libertarians 76
Disaffecteds 51
Post-Moderns 48
New Coalition Democrats 47
Hard-Pressed Democrats 50
Solid Liberals 32
   
Bystanders 53

Wall Street

Question Which comes closer to your view: Wall Street helps the American economy more than it hurts or Wall Street hurts the American economy more than it helps?

  Hurts U.S. econ. more than it helps Helps U.S. econ. more than it hurts
Staunch Conservatives 39% 48%
Main Street Republicans 45 36
Libertarians 32 56
Disaffecteds 59 26
Post-Moderns 35 56
New Coalition Democrats 32 39
Hard-Pressed Democrats 66 26
Solid Liberals 59 32
Bystanders    
Total 47 38

U.S. involvement in world

Question Which comes closer to your view: It's best for the future of our country to be active in world affairs, OR We should pay less attention to problems overseas and concentrate on problems here at home?

  Be active in world Focus on domestic problems
Staunch Conservatives 37% 54%
Main Street Republicans 37 53
Libertarians 34 55
Disaffecteds 16 73
Post-Moderns 42 52
New Coalition Democrats 36 56
Hard-Pressed Democrats 18 74
Solid Liberals 47 47
Bystanders    
Total 33 58

U.S. approach to allies

Question Which comes closer to your view: in foreign policy, the U.S. should take into account the interests of its allies even if it means making compromises with them, OR in foreign policy, the U.S. should follow its own national interests even when its allies strongly disagree?

  Consider interests of allies Follow its own interests
Staunch Conservatives 40% 47%
Main Street Republicans 54 37
Libertarians 48 45
Disaffecteds 44 42
Post-Moderns 60 31
New Coalition Democrats 61 26
Hard-Pressed Democrats 39 44
Solid Liberals 72 23
Bystanders    
Total 53 36

U.N. favorability

Question Would you say your opinion of the United Nations is…

  Unfavorable Favorable
Staunch Conservatives 72% 19%
Main Street Republicans 37 47
Libertarians 52 26
Disaffecteds 33 42
Post-Moderns 25 60
New Coalition Democrats 17 69
Hard-Pressed Democrats 27 54
Solid Liberals 17 75
Bystanders    
Total 32 52

Democracy in Middle East

Question Thinking about recent events in the Middle East, which is more important?

  Democracy, even if region is less stable Stability, even if there is less democracy
Staunch Conservatives 35% 57%
Main Street Republicans 31 59
Libertarians 34 55
Disaffecteds 29 56
Post-Moderns 34 61
New Coalition Democrats 40 43
Hard-Pressed Democrats 41 48
Solid Liberals 54 40
Bystanders    
Total 37 52

Libyan air strikes

Question All things considered, do you think that the U.S. and its allies made the right decision or the wrong decision to conduct military air strikes in Libya?

  Wrong decision Right decision
Staunch Conservatives 49% 37%
Main Street Republicans 39 47
Libertarians 47 37
Disaffecteds 43 32
Post-Moderns 30 53
New Coalition Democrats 30 55
Hard-Pressed Democrats 32 40
Solid Liberals 25 58
Bystanders    
Total 37 45

Afghanistan troop removal

Question From what you've read and heard, do you think Barack Obama will remove U.S. combat troops from Afghanistan too quickly, not quickly enough, or is he handling this about right?

    Will remove troops too quickly   Troop removal not quick enough   Troop removal about right
Staunch Conservatives 52% 18% 20%
Main Street Republicans 22 25 48
Libertarians 17 22 49
Disaffecteds 11 44 34
Post-Moderns 5 25 58
New Coalition Democrats 6 28 60
Hard-Pressed Democrats 4 30 56
Solid Liberals 1 25 70
   
Bystanders 12 30 50

U.S. approach to China on economic issues

Question Thinking about our economic and trade policy toward China, which is more important: building a stronger relationship with China on economic issues OR getting tougher with China on economic issues?

  Stronger relationship Getting tougher
Staunch Conservatives 16% 79%
Main Street Republicans 43 47
Libertarians 53 43
Disaffecteds 54 38
Post-Moderns 57 37
New Coalition Democrats 66 23
Hard-Pressed Democrats 48 46
Solid Liberals 65 29
Bystanders    
Total 53 40

Islam and violence

Question Which comes closer to your own views - even if neither is exactly right? The Islamic religion …

  Encourages violence more than other religions Does not encourage violence more than other religions
Staunch Conservatives 84% 10%
Main Street Republicans 58 30
Libertarians 52 30
Disaffecteds 39 35
Post-Moderns 26 58
New Coalition Democrats 26 44
Hard-Pressed Democrats 37 46
Solid Liberals 19 71
Bystanders    
Total 40 42

Free trade

Question In general, do you think that free trade agreements between the U.S. and other countries have been a good thing or a bad thing for the United States?

  Bad for U.S. Good for U.S.
Staunch Conservatives 45% 43%
Main Street Republicans 47 46
Libertarians 43 42
Disaffecteds 57 29
Post-Moderns 37 54
New Coalition Democrats 31 59
Hard-Pressed Democrats 48 40
Solid Liberals 37 52
Bystanders    
Total 41 48

Health care policy

Question How do you think the health care law passed by Barack Obama and Congress last year will affect health care in the U.S.? Will it have a mostly good effect, a mostly bad effect, or a mix of good and bad?

    Mostly good effect   Mostly bad effect   Mix of good and bad
Staunch Conservatives 0 80% 19%
Main Street Republicans 4 47 47
Libertarians 3 60 34
Disaffecteds 8 33 54
Post-Moderns 16 16 65
New Coalition Democrats 34 5 56
Hard-Pressed Democrats 16 16 61
Solid Liberals 43 1 51
   
Bystanders 17 27 51

Same-sex marriage

Question Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?

  Strongly Oppose/Oppose Strongly Favor/Favor
Staunch Conservatives 85% 9%
Main Street Republicans 72 23
Libertarians 45 43
Disaffecteds 52 34
Post-Moderns 14 80
New Coalition Democrats 51 34
Hard-Pressed Democrats 57 32
Solid Liberals 13 85
Bystanders    
Total 46 45

Abortion

Question Do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases, or illegal in all cases?

  Illegal in all/most cases Legal in all/most cases
Staunch Conservatives 72% 27%
Main Street Republicans 64 36
Libertarians 38 58
Disaffecteds 43 48
Post-Moderns 22 75
New Coalition Democrats 51 40
Hard-Pressed Democrats 41 54
Solid Liberals 15 84
Bystanders    
Total 42 54

Immigration reform

Question Thinking about illegal immigration in the U.S., do you favor or oppose providing a way for illegal immigrants currently in the country to gain legal citizenship if they pass background checks, pay fines and have jobs?

  Oppose path to citizenship Favor creating path to citizenship
Staunch Conservatives 49% 49%
Main Street Republicans 39 58
Libertarians 32 66
Disaffecteds 29 65
Post-Moderns 13 87
New Coalition Democrats 12 80
Hard-Pressed Democrats 35 61
Solid Liberals 4 94
Bystanders    
Total 24 72

Immigration enforcement

Question Thinking about illegal immigration in the U.S., do you favor or oppose stronger enforcement of immigration laws and border security?

  Oppose stronger enforcement Favor stronger enforcement
Staunch Conservatives 3% 95%
Main Street Republicans 10 88
Libertarians 5 93
Disaffecteds 14 84
Post-Moderns 22 77
New Coalition Democrats 24 65
Hard-Pressed Democrats 12 88
Solid Liberals 43 55
Bystanders    
Total 19 78

Gun rights

Question What do you think is more important-to protect the right of Americans to own guns, OR to control gun ownership?

  Protect right to own guns Control gun ownership
Staunch Conservatives 86% 10%
Main Street Republicans 64 32
Libertarians 77 18
Disaffecteds 58 35
Post-Moderns 45 54
New Coalition Democrats 21 71
Hard-Pressed Democrats 41 52
Solid Liberals 25 70
Bystanders    
Total 48 47

Marijuana use should be …

Question Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal, or not?

  Illegal Legal
Staunch Conservatives 73% 22%
Main Street Republicans 69 29
Libertarians 43 54
Disaffecteds 49 42
Post-Moderns 34 62
New Coalition Democrats 56 36
Hard-Pressed Democrats 48 49
Solid Liberals 31 66
Bystanders    
Total 50 45

Energy policy

Question Right now, which ONE of the following do you think should be the more important priority for addressing America's energy supply? Developing alternative sources, such as wind, solar, and hydrogen technology OR expanding exploration and production of oil and natural gas?

  Focus on alternative energy Expand oil/coal/natural gas
Staunch Conservatives 15% 72%
Main Street Republicans 66 26
Libertarians 44 40
Disaffecteds 57 33
Post-Moderns 79 13
New Coalition Democrats 67 25
Hard-Pressed Democrats 60 32
Solid Liberals 88 9
Bystanders    
Total 63 29

Government role in childhood obesity?

Question Do you think government should or should not play a significant role in reducing obesity among children?

  No, should not Yes, should
Staunch Conservatives 78% 20%
Main Street Republicans 49 50
Libertarians 72 24
Disaffecteds 49 46
Post-Moderns 35 62
New Coalition Democrats 13 86
Hard-Pressed Democrats 30 64
Solid Liberals 25 71
Bystanders    
Total 39 57

Age

    18-29   30-49   50-64   65+
Staunch Conservatives 8% 31% 33% 28%
Main Street Republicans 15 40 24 19
Libertarians 19 34 27 19
Disaffecteds 16 34 34 15
Post-Moderns 32 35 22 11
New Coalition Democrats 21 37 23 17
Hard-Pressed Democrats 12 35 33 19
Solid Liberals 22 35 26 16
Bystanders 51 29 14 5
Total 22 35 26 16

Race/Ethnicity

    Hispanic   Black non-Hispanic   White non-Hispanic
Staunch Conservatives 3% 92%
Main Street Republicans 4 2 88
Libertarians 7 1 85
Disaffecteds 9 8 77
Post-Moderns 14 6 70
New Coalition Democrats 26 30 34
Hard-Pressed Democrats 6 35 53
Solid Liberals 11 9 72
Bystanders 38 9 44
Bystanders 13 12 68

Education

    H.S. or less   Some college   College grad +
Staunch Conservatives 37% 28% 34%
Main Street Republicans 45 26 28
Libertarians 29 33 37
Disaffecteds 66 23 11
Post-Moderns 29 30 41
New Coalition Democrats 55 18 27
Hard-Pressed Democrats 68 19 13
Solid Liberals 23 27 49
Bystanders 72 17 10
Bystanders 47 25 28

Income

    <$30,000   $30,000-$74,999   $75,000 +
Staunch Conservatives 15% 38% 33%
Main Street Republicans 20 37 33
Libertarians 16 33 39
Disaffecteds 51 28 9
Post-Moderns 22 34 34
New Coalition Democrats 46 23 16
Hard-Pressed Democrats 49 30 11
Solid Liberals 22 33 36
Bystanders 54 22 10
Bystanders 33 31 24

Party

    Republican   Independent   Democrat
Staunch Conservatives 84% 15%
Main Street Republicans 76 21
Libertarians 28 63 5
Disaffecteds 25 63
Post-Moderns 7 62 26
New Coalition Democrats 2 34 56
Hard-Pressed Democrats 15 84
Solid Liberals 23 75
Bystanders 13 47 25
Bystanders 24 38 33