August 23, 1996

Democrats

A Demographic and Attitudinal Profile

Introduction

This report consists of Tables only.

Tables

Party Identification by Subgroups*
(Percentaged Horizontally)

Total Total Number of
Republican Democrat Independent Republican Democrat Interviews
% % % % %

Total 30 31 39=100 46 46 (9652)

Sex
Male 31 26 43=100 50 41 (4780)
Female 28 37 35=100 41 50 (4872)

Race
White 33 28 39 50 41 (7942)
Non-white 9 56 35 17 74 (1613)
Black 6 64 30 11 82 (997)
Hispanic 21 37 42 34 57 (547)

Age
Under 30 29 26 45 48 44 (1984)
30-49 30 29 41 46 44 (4089)
50-64 30 33 37 46 45 (1858)
65+ 29 42 29 41 52 (1603)

Sex by Age
Male
18-29 31 21 48 53 39 (1127)
30-49 32 23 45 51 39 (2093)
50-64 31 27 42 51 40 (860)
65+ 28 41 31 44 50 (667)
Female
18-29 27 32 41 42 49 (857)
30-49 28 36 36 41 50 (1996)
50-64 29 38 33 43 50 (998)
65+ 31 42 27 40 53 (936)

Sex by Race
White male 34 23 43 55 37 (3966)
White female 32 32 36 46 46 (3976)
Black male 7 56 37 12 78 (437)
Black female 5 70 25 9 85 (560)

Age by Race
18-29
White 34 22 44 53 38 (1439)
Black 8 50 42 19 73 (284)
30-49
White 33 25 42 51 40 (3331)
Black 4 66 30 8 84 (449)
50-64
White 33 29 38 50 41 (1629)
Black 3 71 26 5 88 (155)
65+
White 32 38 30 44 48 (1472)
Black 6 83 11 9 89 (98)

Race by Region by Sex
White Non-South 31 28 41 49 42 (5313)
Male 33 23 44 53 38 (2645)
College grad. 37 23 40 56 38 (938)
Non-college grad.31 23 46 52 38 (1703)
Female 30 32 38 44 46 (2668)
College grad. 32 31 37 45 48 (672)
Non-college grad.30 32 38 44 46 (1985)

White South 36 28 36 54 39 (2629)
Male 37 23 40 59 34 (1321)
College grad. 47 18 35 67 29 (428)
Non-college grad.34 24 42 57 36 (890)
Female 35 33 32 48 44 (1308)
College grad. 45 26 28 58 37 (295)
Non-college grad.33 34 33 47 46 (1007)

Region
East 27 31 42 43 48 (1952)
Midwest 29 29 42 46 44 (2352)
South 31 34 35 46 46 (3385)
West 31 30 39 47 44 (1963)

Detailed Region
New England 21 32 46 39 52 (497)
Mid-Atlantic 32 30 38 45 46 (1249)
East North
Central 28 30 42 47 44 (1430)
West North
Central 27 31 42 44 46 (956)
South Atlantic 31 33 36 45 46 (1667)
East South
Central 30 32 37 48 45 (672)
West South
Central 32 34 34 48 46 (894)
Mountain 31 28 41 49 40 (934)
Pacific 30 32 38 44 48 (1333)

Race by Region
Whites
East 30 29 41 46 45 (1649)
Midwest 31 26 43 49 40 (2082)
South 36 28 36 54 39 (2629)
West 33 28 38 50 41 (1582)

Education
College Grad. 35 28 37 51 43 (2704)
Some College 31 29 40 49 42 (2417)
High School Grad.29 32 39 45 46 (3481)
Less than H.S.
Grad 22 38 40 37 53 (993)

Family Income
$75,000+ 42 24 34 60 36 (940)
$50,000-$74,999 37 27 36 54 40 (1380)
$30,000-$49,999 32 29 39 49 43 (2601)
$20,000-$29,999 27 33 40 44 47 (1756)
Less than
$20,000 22 38 40 35 55 (2099)

Community Size
Large City 24 36 40 38 53 (1614)
Suburb 35 29 36 51 43 (1860)
Small City/Town 29 32 39 44 46 (2782)
Rural Area 31 30 40 48 43 (1536)

Religious Preference
Total White Prot. 38 25 37 55 37 (4468)
White Prot. Evang 42 25 33 59 34 (2156)
White Prot.
Non-Evangelical 34 26 41 52 40 (2312)
White Catholic 30 32 38 47 46 (1955)

Union Household
Yes 23 41 36 36 55 (971)
No 31 31 38 47 44 (4821)

Home Ownership
Yes 32 31 37 48 44 (5410)
No 25 33 42 39 51 (2379)

Marital Status
Married 33 29 38 50 41 (5519)
Divorced/Separated 22 35 43 36 54 (1270)
Widowed 27 44 29 36 56 (809)
Never married 26 30 44 43 49 (2012)

Marital Status by Sex
Married women 32 33 35 46 45 (2662)
Married men 34 25 41 54 37 (2857)
Unmarried women 24 40 36 36 56 (2188)
Unmarried men 26 28 47 45 46 (1903)

Parent or Guardian
Yes 31 28 41 48 44 (2756)
No 29 34 38 44 48 (4823)

Life Cycle
Under 30
Married/single
no kids 31 25 44 51 42 (1067)
Married w/kids 27 27 46 46 44 (292)
30-49
Married 34 27 39 51 40 (2759)
Not married 21 35 43 35 54 (1354)
50-64
Married 34 30 36 51 41 (1305)
Not married 22 39 39 37 55 (550)
65+
Married 31 38 31 45 47 (846)
Not married 27 46 27 37 56 (754)

Single mothers 21 36 44 35 54 (681)

* Based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994-October 1995.

Demographic Profiles of the Parties*
(Percentaged Vertically)

Total Total
Total Republican Democrat Independent Republican Democrat
% % % % % %
Sex
Male 48 50 40 53 53 43
Female 52 50 60 47 47 57
100 100 100 100 100 100
Race
White 86 96 76 87 95 78
Non-white 14 4 24 12 5 22
Black 10 2 20 8 2 18
Hispanic 5 3 5 5 3 6

Age
Under 30 22 22 19 25 23 21
30-49 42 42 39 44 42 41
50-64 19 19 20 18 20 19
65+ 17 17 22 13 15 19

Sex by Age
Male
18-29 11 12 7 14 13 10
30-49 21 22 16 24 24 18
50-64 9 9 8 10 10 8
65+ 7 7 9 6 7 8
Female
18-29 11 10 11 12 10 12
30-49 21 20 24 20 19 23
50-64 10 10 12 9 9 11
65+ 10 10 13 7 9 11

Age by Race
18-29
White 18 20 13 21 21 15
Black 3 1 5 3 1 5
30-49
White 37 41 30 40 42 32
Black 5 1 10 4 1 8
50-64
White 18 19 17 18 20 16
Black 2 * 4 1 * 3
65+
White 16 17 20 13 16 17
Black 1 * 3 * * 2

Region
East 21 19 20 22 19 23
Midwest 25 24 23 27 25 25
South 34 36 37 31 35 31
West 21 21 20 20 21 21

Detailed Region
New England 5 4 6 6 5 6
Mid-Atlantic 13 14 13 13 13 13
East North Central 15 14 14 16 15 14
West North Central 10 10 10 11 10 10
South Atlantic 16 17 18 15 16 17
East South Central 7 8 8 7 8 7
West South Central 9 10 10 8 9 9
Mountain 10 10 9 10 11 9
Pacific 14 14 14 14 14 14

Education
College Grad. 21 25 19 20 24 20
Some College 23 24 21 23 24 21
High School Grad. 38 38 39 38 38 39
Less than H.S. Grad. 18 13 21 18 14 20

Family Income
$75,000+ 9 13 7 8 12 7
$50,000-$74,999 14 17 12 13 16 12
$30,000-$49,999 29 31 27 30 31 27
$20,000-$29,999 21 19 21 21 20 21
Less than $20,000 27 20 33 28 21 32

Community Size
Large City 20 16 23 20 17 23
Suburb 22 26 20 21 25 21
Small City/Town 36 35 37 37 35 36
Rural Area 21 22 19 21 22 19

Religious Preference
Total White Prot. 70 74 64 69 73 65
White Prot. Evang. 34 40 31 30 38 30
White Prot.
Non-Evangelical 35 34 33 39 35 35
White Catholic 30 26 36 31 27 35

Union Household
Yes 17 13 21 16 13 20
No 83 87 78 83 86 79

Home Ownership
Yes 68 73 67 65 72 65
No 31 26 33 34 27 35

Marital Status
Married 56 63 52 54 62 51
Divorced/Separated 13 10 15 15 11 16
Widowed 9 8 12 6 7 11
Never married 21 18 20 24 20 23

Marital Status by Sex
Married women 28 30 29 25 28 28
Married men 29 33 23 30 34 23
Unmarried women 24 20 31 22 19 30
Unmarried men 19 17 17 23 19 20

Parent or Guardian
Yes 37 38 33 39 38 35
No 63 61 67 61 61 65

Life Cycle
Under 30
Married/single
no kids 12 13 10 14 13 11
Married w/kids 4 4 3 4 4 4
30-49
Married 28 32 24 28 31 24
Not married 14 10 16 16 11 17
50-64
Married 13 15 13 12 15 12
Not married 6 4 7 6 5 7
65+
Married 9 9 10 7 9 9
Not married 8 8 12 6 7 10

Number of Interviews (9652) (2927) (2965) (3760) (4452) (4359)

* Based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994-October 1995.

Political Values by Party Identification*

Total Republican Democrat Independent
% % % %
Government efficiency
Gov’t is wasteful & inefficient 65 71 57 67
Gov’t does better job 32 27 40 30

Government regulation
Reg. is in the public interest 42 31 51 42
Reg. does more harm than good 53 64 42 53

Elected officials in Washington
Lose touch with constituents 73 74 68 77
Try hard to keep in touch 24 24 28 20

Elected officials in Washington
Care about people like me 32 35 36 29
Don’t care about people like me 64 63 61 68

Poor people
Have it easy 52 65 42 50
Have hard lives 39 26 50 39

Government should
Do more to help poor & needy 48 35 60 48
Can’t afford to do more to help 46 59 36 46

The position of blacks**
Has improved in recent years 73 76 71 73
Hasn’t improved much 23 21 26 23

Racial discrimination**
Is the reason blacks can’t get ahead 31 25 37 32
Blacks responsible for own condition 59 65 54 58

Best way to ensure peace
Is through military strength 36 47 29 34
Is through diplomatic means 57 47 64 60

Willingness to fight for country
Everyone should be willing to fight 50 62 46 45
It’s acceptable to refuse to fight 46 35 51 52

Power of a few large companies
Too much power concentrated 76 67 82 78
Largest co.s don’t have too much power 19 27 14 18

Business corporations
Make too much profit 52 38 62 54
Make a fair amount of profit 43 57 34 41

Environmental protection
Should do whatever it takes 77 67 84 81
We’ve gone too far 20 30 14 16

Stricter environmental regulations
Cost too many jobs/hurt economy 34 43 30 31
Are worth the cost 61 53 64 66

Homosexuality
Society should accept it 46 34 54 50
Society should discourage it 49 62 41 45

Books with dangerous ideas
Should be banned from public
school libraries 45 48 46 41
Should not be banned 52 50 52 57

*This analysis is based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994 – October
1995. Percentages in this and subsequent tables do not add to 100% because
“Don’t Know” responses are not shown.
** These percentages are based on whites only.

Political Issues by Party Identification

Total Republican Democrat Independent
% % % %

Abortion (June 1996)
Generally available 32 25 37 34
Available with restrictions 24 21 24 26
Against law except for rape/incest 33 40 30 30
Prohibited in all cases 10 12 8 8

Woman’s right to decide about abortion
should be preserved (October 1995)
Completely agree 49 42 51 55
Mostly agree 22 22 23 21
Mostly disagree 11 12 9 11
Completely disagree 17 22 17 11

Allowing distribution of birth control
information (June 1996)
Favor 76 66 83 80
Oppose 21 32 15 18

Allowing gay marriage (June 1996)
Favor 28 15 33 33
Oppose 65 80 58 60

Denying welfare benefits to
unwed teenagers (June 1996)
Favor 36 43 32 34
Oppose 56 52 58 59

Affirmative action programs to help blacks,
women, other minorities get better jobs
and education (August 1995)*
Favor 58 48 73 53
Oppose 36 45 22 43

Affirmative action programs which give
special preferences to qualified blacks,
women, other minorities(August 1995)*
Favor 46 35 59 46
Oppose 46 57 30 50

True that Medicare faces serious
financial difficulties OR 52 62 46 48
leaders saying this so they can
cut Medicare benefits to
balance budget (Aug. 1995) 37 25 44 41

Reduce rate of growth in Medicare
spending (August 1995)
Approve 34 45 24 35
Disapprove 61 50 71 60

Shift full responsibility for
Medicaid to the states (September 1995)
Favor 53 68 40 48
Oppose 40 25 51 46

Who would do better job of providing
health benefits and long term care
to poor, disabled and elderly (September 1995)
Federal government 39 25 52 41
State governments 54 71 37 53
Neither 2 2 3 2

How important that Congress balance
budget (January 1996)
Very important 62 71 57 60
Somewhat important 28 24 30 29
Not too important 6 4 9 6
Not at all Important 3 * 3 5

* Each of these questions was asked of half the sample to test the effect of
question wording.

Political Values By Race and Region Among Democrats

Non- His- North- Mid-
Total White White Black panic east west South West
% % % % % % % % %

Political Values:
The analysis of political values is based on interviews conducted July 1994 – October 1995.

Government efficiency
Gov’t is wasteful
& inefficient 57 58 54 55 50 58 60 53 58
Gov’t does better job 40 39 42 41 48 39 37 44 37

Government regulation
Reg. is in the public
interest 51 51 54 54 47 52 52 51 50
Reg. does more harm
than good 42 43 40 40 47 41 43 42 44

Elected officials in Washington
Lose touch w/constituents 68 68 69 68 66 65 70 68 68
Try hard to keep in touch 28 28 28 28 32 31 26 28 29

Elected officials in Washington
Care about people like me 36 37 32 31 36 40 34 32 38
Don’t care about people
like me 61 60 65 66 61 57 62 65 57

Poor people
Have it easy 42 46 30 28 47 44 44 40 43
Have hard lives 50 46 64 66 48 48 49 53 48

Government should
Do more to help poor &
needy 60 55 73 75 62 62 60 59 58
Can’t afford to do
more to help 36 39 24 23 33 32 37 37 35

The position of blacks*
Has improved in recent
years 67 71 54 52 66 66 69 78 67
Hasn’t improved much 30 26 44 46 29 31 27 19 28

Racial discrimination*
Is the reason blacks
can’t get ahead 42 37 60 62 52 40 38 30 44
Blacks responsible
for own condition 49 54 33 31 42 51 54 61 46

Best way to ensure peace
Is through military
strength 29 30 26 26 31 24 28 35 25
Is through diplomatic means 64 63 67 66 66 70 66 58 67

Willingness to fight for country
Everyone should be
willing to fight 46 48 38 37 46 40 45 50 44
It’s acceptable to
refuse to fight 51 48 59 59 52 57 51 46 54

Power of a few large companies
Too much power concentrated 82 81 82 82 74 78 84 82 81
Largest co.s don’t
have too much power 14 14 14 13 22 17 12 13 16

Business corporations
Make too much profit 62 60 66 67 63 63 62 60 62
Make a fair amount of
profit 34 35 30 29 33 32 34 35 34

Environmental protection
Should do whatever it takes 84 83 86 86 80 86 86 83 80
We’ve gone too far 14 14 13 12 19 13 11 15 17

Stricter environmental regulations
Cost too many jobs/hurt
economy 30 29 35 35 34 27 31 32 30
Are worth the cost 64 65 61 61 61 69 63 62 64

Homosexuality
Society should accept it 54 55 52 50 57 60 54 45 63
Society should
discourage it 41 40 43 44 40 34 40 50 33

Books with dangerous ideas
Should be banned from public
school libraries 46 44 54 55 49 43 45 55 36
Should not be banned 52 53 45 44 48 55 52 43 62

Belief in miracles
Miracles are performed
by God 84 81 93 95 90 78 87 91 74
No such thing as miracles 11 14 5 3 7 15 9 7 18

Belief in judgement day
We’ll all be called before
God 82 79 91 92 87 78 86 88 71
No such thing as judgement
day 14 16 7 6 12 16 11 10 21

Number of Interviews (2965) (2117) (832) (626) (206) (591) (659) (1126) (589)

* The percentages for the regional analysis are based on whites only.

Political Measures By Race and Region Among Democrats

Non- His- North- Mid-
Total White White Black panic east west South West
% % % % % % % % %

Political Measures:
Analysis of Political Measures based on June 1996 survey.

Clinton approval
Approve 82 81 83 83 87 81 84 77 87
Disapprove 12 13 10 8 11 8 10 17 8

GOP Congress approval
Approve 12 12 12 11 14 12 9 13 12
Disapprove 80 80 79 82 78 82 80 79 79

Presidential trial heat (Registered Voters)
Clinton/lean Clinton 90 88 94 97 86 91 92 88 88
Dole/lean Dole 8 10 2 0 10 5 5 10 11

Clinton favorability
Very favorable 32 29 40 43 n/a 37 28 33 28
Mostly favorable 58 60 49 49 n/a 52 66 53 65
Mostly unfavorable 7 7 7 5 n/a 10 4 7 6
Very unfavorable 3 3 2 1 n/a 0 1 5 2

Dole favorability
Very favorable 4 4 3 2 n/a 5 1 5 2
Mostly favorable 24 26 14 12 n/a 20 20 25 28
Mostly unfavorable 38 38 38 37 n/a 44 45 32 36
Very unfavorable 28 26 33 34 n/a 22 32 28 29

Congress favorability
Very favorable 6 6 4 4 n/a 8 3 7 4
Mostly favorable 33 33 32 33 n/a 35 32 35 27
Mostly unfavorable 41 41 41 40 n/a 44 44 32 52
Very unfavorable 15 14 17 17 n/a 7 15 18 15

Hillary Clinton favorability
Very favorable 23 24 21 23 n/a 26 24 21 23
Mostly favorable 52 51 56 56 n/a 54 54 46 60
Mostly unfavorable 14 15 10 10 n/a 13 14 17 11
Very unfavorable 6 6 7 5 n/a 2 5 9 3

Congressional trial heat (Registered Voters)
Republican/lean Rep. 4 5 2 2 1 3 2 6 4
Democrat/lean Dem. 94 94 97 96 99 95 95 93 96

Ideology
Very conservative 3 2 8 8 n/a * 4 5 2
Conservative 28 28 26 26 n/a 19 30 34 21
Moderate 40 42 36 34 n/a 48 43 35 40
Liberal 20 20 22 23 n/a 22 17 17 30
Very liberal 6 6 5 5 n/a 9 5 4 6

How certain will vote in 1996
Absolutely certain 77 77 77 82 75 82 74 75 78
Fairly certain 12 11 16 14 14 13 14 10 13
Not certain 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 *

How often vote
Always 45 44 46 48 35 47 45 44 43
Nearly always 29 30 28 28 33 23 32 26 38
Part of the time 12 13 10 11 10 16 13 13 6
Seldom 10 9 11 10 17 11 7 12 9
Never 2 2 3 2 5 1 1 3 3

Follow public affairs
Most of the time 42 44 33 31 n/a 45 47 35 47
Some of the time 34 32 42 43 n/a 38 32 37 30
Only now and then 16 15 19 20 n/a 14 12 21 14
Hardly at all 7 8 5 5 n/a 3 9 8 9

Number of Interviews
Total (636) (465) (163) (103) (77)** (118) (158) (240) (120)
Registered Voters (506) (370) (129) (87) (61)** (97) (124) (192) (93)

** Hispanic sample based on compilation of June 1996 and July 1996 surveys.

Views on Issues By Race and Region Among Democrats

Non- North- Mid-
Total White White Black east west South West
% % % % % % % %

Views on Issues
Abortion (June 1996)
Generally available 37 38 34 32 39 34 29 53
Available with
restrictions 24 25 20 20 30 22 21 23
Against law except
for rape/incest 30 28 32 33 23 32 36 20
Prohibited in
all cases 8 7 12 12 8 9 10 2

Allowing public schools
to provide birth control
information (June 1996)
Favor 83 82 86 84 87 85 77 89
Oppose 15 16 12 13 12 11 20 11

Allowing gay
marriages (June 1996)
Favor 33 34 29 27 42 33 24 41
Oppose 58 56 62 63 47 59 66 49

Denying welfare benefits
to unwed teenagers who
have children (June 1996)
Favor 32 33 26 25 38 30 28 34
Oppose 58 57 64 63 54 60 60 58

True that Medicare faces serious
financial difficulties OR 46 49 39 41 46 47 43 51
Leaders saying this so they
can cut Medicare benefits to
balance budget (August 1995) 44 42 52 50 45 41 48 44

Reduce rate of growth in Medicare
spending (August 1995)
Approve 24 26 20 21 23 22 26 25
Disapprove 71 67 80 79 74 73 67 72

How important that
Congress balance
budget (January 1996)***
Very Important 57 54 68 70 52 57 60 58
Somewhat Important 30 34 18 17 35 29 28 28
Not Too Important 9 8 10 10 11 9 6 10
Not at all Important 3 3 4 1 2 5 2 3

*** Caution: small sample size for black respondents.

Political Values By Gender, Religion and Education Among White Democrats

NOTE: In this table the total column represents all Democrats (rather than all white Democrats.)

White
White Non-
White White White White Coll. Coll.
Total Men Women Catholics Protestants Grads. Grads.
% % % % % % %

Political Values:
The analysis of political values is based on interviews conducted July 1994-October 1995.

Government efficiency
Gov’t is wasteful
& inefficient 57 59 57 57 59 49 60
Gov’t does better job 40 38 40 39 38 49 36

Government regulation
Reg. is in the public interest 51 53 49 52 48 63 48
Reg. does more harm than good 42 43 43 42 45 33 45

Elected officials in Washington
Lose touch w/constituents 68 69 67 64 70 67 68
Try hard to keep in touch 28 27 29 32 26 30 28

Elected officials in Washington
Care about people like me 36 38 36 40 34 44 35
Don’t care about people
like me 61 59 60 57 63 53 62

Poor people
Have it easy 42 49 45 49 48 36 49
Have hard lives 50 44 46 43 46 54 44

Government should
Do more to help poor & needy 60 54 56 58 53 53 56
Can’t afford to do more
to help 36 40 38 37 42 42 38

The position of blacks
Has improved in recent years 67 71 71 72 74 60 74
Hasn’t improved much 30 26 25 25 23 37 23

Racial discrimination
Is the reason blacks can’t
get ahead 42 35 38 36 33 51 34
Blacks responsible
for own condition 49 56 52 55 58 38 58

Best way to ensure peace
Is through military strength 29 39 25 27 34 23 32
Is through diplomatic means 64 55 69 66 60 72 61

Willingness to fight for country
Everyone should be
willing to fight 46 58 42 47 55 30 53
It’s acceptable to refuse
to fight 51 39 55 49 41 69 44

Power of a few large companies
Too much power concentrated 82 80 82 79 85 77 82
Largest co.s don’t have too
much power 14 17 12 16 12 20 13

Business corporations
Make too much profit 62 57 62 60 60 53 62
Make a fair amount
of profit 34 40 32 36 35 44 33

Environmental protection
Should do whatever it takes 84 80 86 85 81 91 82
We’ve gone too far 14 18 12 13 17 6 16

Stricter environmental regulations
Cost too many jobs/hurt econ. 30 33 27 28 32 14 33
Are worth the cost 64 62 67 67 61 83 60

Homosexuality
Society should accept it 54 47 60 56 47 73 50
Society should discourage it 41 48 36 38 49 24 45

Books with dangerous ideas
Should be banned from public
school libraries 46 41 46 43 50 18 51
Should not be banned 52 56 52 55 47 80 47

Belief in miracles
Miracles are performed by God 84 77 84 86 89 65 86
No such thing as miracles 11 18 10 9 8 27 10

Belief in judgement day
We’ll all be called before God 82 78 80 86 87 60 84
No such thing as judgement day 14 17 15 11 10 30 12

Number of Interviews (2965) (877) (1240) (602) (1096) (572) (1534)

Political Measures By Gender, Religion and Education Among White Democrats

NOTE: In this table the total column represents all Democrats (rather than
all white Democrats.)

White
White Non-
White White White White Coll. Coll.
Total Men Women Catholics Protestants Grads. Grads.
% % % % % % %

Political Measures:
Analysis of Political Measures based on June 1996 survey.

Clinton approval
Approve 82 84 79 84 79 88 79
Disapprove 12 10 15 10 16 9 14

GOP Congress approval
Approve 12 17 8 17 10 5 14
Disapprove 80 75 83 75 80 90 77

Presidential trial heat (Registered Voters)
Clinton/lean Clinton 90 90 87 93 84 94 87
Dole/lean Dole 8 10 10 6 13 6 11

Clinton favorability
Very favorable 32 26 31 31 33 24 30
Mostly favorable 58 64 58 61 55 67 59
Mostly unfavorable 7 6 8 6 8 5 7
Very unfavorable 3 4 3 1 4 1 4

Dole favorability
Very favorable 4 4 4 2 6 2 4
Mostly favorable 24 30 24 25 29 29 26
Mostly unfavorable 38 38 37 49 32 50 35
Very unfavorable 28 19 31 17 29 16 28

Congress favorability
Very favorable 6 7 6 8 6 1 7
Mostly favorable 33 31 34 35 31 25 34
Mostly unfavorable 41 43 39 46 38 62 36
Very unfavorable 15 15 14 6 18 10 15

Hillary Clinton favorability
Very favorable 23 19 27 24 28 25 24
Mostly favorable 52 53 50 53 46 58 49
Mostly unfavorable 14 16 14 15 15 12 16
Very unfavorable 6 6 5 2 8 1 6

Congressional trial heat (Registered Voters)
Republican/lean Rep. 4 5 4 2 7 3 5
Democrat/lean Dem. 94 95 93 98 91 96 93

Ideology
Very conservative 3 1 3 0 4 0 2
Conservative 28 29 28 27 33 6 34
Moderate 40 46 39 52 38 49 40
Liberal 20 18 21 19 18 30 17
Very liberal 6 5 7 1 6 15 4

How certain will vote in 1996
Absolutely certain 77 78 76 82 76 92 73
Fairly certain 12 13 9 6 12 5 12
Not certain 1 0 2 2 2 0 2

How often vote
Always 45 40 47 45 46 49 43
Nearly always 29 35 26 27 30 41 27
Part of the time 12 12 14 18 11 8 14
Seldom 10 9 10 7 10 1 12
Never 2 2 3 3 2 1 2

Follow public affairs
Most of the time 42 48 42 50 46 59 41
Some of the time 34 26 37 27 34 33 32
Only now and then 16 21 11 13 15 8 17
Hardly at all 7 4 10 10 5 1 10

Number of Interviews
Total (636) (186) (279) (124) (234) (134) (331)
Registered Voters (506) (150) (220) (101) (186) (118) (252)

Views on Issues By Gender, Religion and Education Among White Democrats

NOTE: In this table the total column represents all Democrats (rather than
all white Democrats.)

White
White Non-
White White White White Coll. Coll.
Total Men Women Catholics Protestants Grads. Grads.
% % % % % % %

Views on Issues
Abortion (June 1996)
Generally available 37 38 38 33 34 58 33
Available with
restrictions 24 24 25 30 26 25 25
Against law except
for rape/incest 30 28 29 25 32 15 32
Prohibited in
all cases 8 7 7 11 6 * 8

Woman’s right to decide about
abortion should be preserved (October 1995)
Completely agree 49 50 54 35 50 ** **
Mostly agree 22 27 20 28 29 ** **
Mostly disagree 11 9 11 15 9 ** **
Completely disagree 17 12 16 21 10 ** **

Allowing public schools to provide
birth control information (June 1996)
Favor 83 80 84 84 79 93 80
Oppose 15 18 14 15 18 6 18

Allowing gay marriages (June 1996)
Favor 33 32 36 39 24 55 29
Oppose 58 60 54 48 67 36 61

Denying welfare benefits to unwed
teenagers who have children (June 1996)
Favor 32 34 33 41 31 28 35
Oppose 58 60 54 52 59 65 55

True that Medicare faces serious
financial difficulties OR 46 51 47 50 43 63 45
Leaders saying this so they can
cut Medicare benefits to balance
budget (August 1995) 44 40 42 40 47 25 46

Reduce rate of growth in
Medicare spending (August 1995)
Approve 24 36 15 27 26 36 23
Disapprove 71 58 74 70 66 54 71

How important that Congress
balance budget (January 1996)
Very Important 57 51 56 54 54 48 55
Somewhat Important 30 35 33 31 37 37 33
Not Too Important 9 9 8 10 6 14 7
Not at all Important 3 4 2 2 4 1 3

** Too Few Cases For Analysis

A Profile of Strong Clinton Supporters/Moderate Clinton Supporters
Among Democrats and Democratic leaners*
(Based on Registered Voters)

Support Support
Clinton Clinton
Strongly Moderately
% %

Sex
Male 36 54
Female 64 46

Race
White 67 80
Non-White 31 20
Black 26 14
Hispanic 5 4

Age
Under 30 17 22
30-49 41 40
50+ 41 38

Education
College Grad. 20 23
Some College 24 24
High School Grad. 37 42
Less than H.S. Grad 19 11

Family Income
More than $75,000 9 12
$50,000-$75,000 12 15
$30,000-$49,999 23 25
$20,000-$29,999 22 16
Less than $20,000 23 23

Region
East 16 23
Midwest 24 30
South 42 25
West 19 22

Marital Status
Married 49 52
Divorced 21 13
Separated 5 4
Widowed 8 10
Never Been Married 16 21

1992 Vote
Clinton 82 64
Bush 1 7
Perot 1 6
Voted but Don’t
Rem./Did Not Vote 17 21

GOP Approval
Approve 6 14
Disapprove 88 73

Number of Interviews (181) (234)

* Based on survey conducted July 25-28, 1996. Strong Clinton supporters are
those who said they support Clinton “strongly” in the upcoming election.
Moderate supporters said they supported him “only moderately” or “leaned
toward” him.

Profile of Ticket-Splitters*
(Based on Registered Voters)

—Clinton supporters — —Dole supporters —
Support Do not Support Do not
Democrat Support Republican Support
for Congress Dem. for Cong. for Congress Rep. for Cong.
% % % %

Sex
Male 44 42 52 42
Female 56 58 48 58

Race
White 77 86 96 90
Non-White 23 13 3 8
Black 18 9 1 4
Hispanic 5 6 3 5

Age
Under 30 18 23 18 13
30 – 49 40 39 42 50
50 – 64 22 21 20 18
65+ 20 16 18 16

Education
College Grad 23 25 27 17
Some College 22 26 25 19
High School Grad. 39 38 37 40
Less than H.S.
Grad. 16 11 10 23

Family Income
$75,000+ 11 12 16 11
$50,000 – $74,999 14 17 15 12
$30,000 – $49,999 25 21 30 22
$20,000 – $29,999 18 14 14 20
Less than $20,000 22 24 13 20

Region
East 21 27 19 19
Midwest 26 26 24 26
South 33 26 36 34
West 20 22 21 20

Ideology**
Conservative 26 35 62 49
Moderate 43 44 33 30
Liberal 29 18 4 15

Party ID
Republican 2 38 74 16
Democrat 70 10 2 23
Independent 26 46 20 56
Republican/lean Rep 3 51 95 40
Democrat/lean Dem 94 32 3 42

Employment Status
Full-time 56 59 57 53
Part-time 12 12 12 10
Not employed 32 29 30 36

Marital Status
Married 50 62 68 64
Divorced/Separated 19 12 8 16
Widowed 10 9 7 5
Never married 21 17 16 14

Religious Preference
Total White Prot. 37 48 66 61
White Prot. Evang. 16 19 38 40
White Prot.
non-Evang. 22 29 28 21
White Catholic 21 24 17 15

Union Household
Yes 21 16 13 14
No 78 84 86 84

Clinton Approval
Approve 89 80 10 20
Disapprove 5 14 83 69

GOP Congress Approval
Approve 10 38 77 41
Disapprove 82 41 13 41

How certain will vote in 1996
Absolutely certain 83 79 90 75

Thought given to the election
Quite a lot 49 41 60 50
Some (VOL.) 4 2 4 4
Only a little 44 52 33 42
None (VOL.) 2 4 1 2

Interest in this election
compared to 1992
More 44 36 47 36
Less 31 39 28 41
Same (VOL.) 24 23 24 22

Number of
Interviews (1051) (269) (845) (146)

* Based on two surveys conducted May 31-June 9, 1996 and July 25-28, 1996.
Of the total sample of registered voters, 43% currently say they will vote a
straight Democratic ticket (Clinton & Dem. for Congress); 11% say they will
vote Clinton but not vote Democrat for Congress; 34% give a straight
Republican ticket; 7% would vote for Dole but not support a Republican for
Congress.

** Based on June 1996 survey only.