August 7, 1996

Republicans

A Demographic and Attitudinal Profile

Tables

—TABLE A—
Party Identification by Subgroups*
(Percentaged Horizontally)
Total Total Number of
Republican Democrat Independent Republican Democrat Interviews
% % % % %

Total 30 31 39=100 46 46 (9652)

Sex
Male 31 26 43=100 50 41 (4780)
Female 28 37 35=100 41 50 (4872)

Race
White 33 28 39 50 41 (7942)
Non-white 9 56 35 17 74 (1613)
Black 6 64 30 11 82 (997)
Hispanic 21 37 42 34 57 (547)

Age
Under 30 29 26 45 48 44 (1984)
30-49 30 29 41 46 44 (4089)
50-64 30 33 37 46 45 (1858)
65+ 29 42 29 41 52 (1603)

Sex by Age
Male
18-29 31 21 48 53 39 (1127)
30-49 32 23 45 51 39 (2093)
50-64 31 27 42 51 40 (860)
65+ 28 41 31 44 50 (667)
Female
18-29 27 32 41 42 49 (857)
30-49 28 36 36 41 50 (1996)
50-64 29 38 33 43 50 (998)
65+ 31 42 27 40 53 (936)

Sex by Race
White male 34 23 43 55 37 (3966)
White female 32 32 36 46 46 (3976)
Black male 7 56 37 12 78 (437)
Black female 5 70 25 9 85 (560)

Age by Race
18-29
White 34 22 44 53 38 (1439)
Black 8 50 42 19 73 (284)
30-49
White 33 25 42 51 40 (3331)
Black 4 66 30 8 84 (449)
50-64
White 33 29 38 50 41 (1629)
Black 3 71 26 5 88 (155)
65+
White 32 38 30 44 48 (1472)
Black 6 83 11 9 89 (98)

Race by Region by Sex
White Non-South 31 28 41 49 42 (5313)
Male 33 23 44 53 38 (2645)
College grad. 37 23 40 56 38 (938)
Non-college grad. 31 23 46 52 38 (1703)
Female 30 32 38 44 46 (2668)
College grad. 32 31 37 45 48 (672)
Non-college grad. 30 32 38 44 46 (1985)

White South 36 28 36 54 39 (2629)
Male 37 23 40 59 34 (1321)
College grad. 47 18 35 67 29 (428)
Non-college grad. 34 24 42 57 36 (890)
Female 35 33 32 48 44 (1308)
College grad. 45 26 28 58 37 (295)
Non-college grad. 33 34 33 47 46 (1007)

Region
East 27 31 42 43 48 (1952)
Midwest 29 29 42 46 44 (2352)
South 31 34 35 46 46 (3385)
West 31 30 39 47 44 (1963)

Detailed Region
New England 21 32 46 39 52 (497)
Mid-Atlantic 32 30 38 45 46 (1249)
East North Central 28 30 42 47 44 (1430)
West North Central 27 31 42 44 46 (956)
South Atlantic 31 33 36 45 46 (1667)
East South Central 30 32 37 48 45 (672)
West South Central 32 34 34 48 46 (894)
Mountain 31 28 41 49 40 (934)
Pacific 30 32 38 44 48 (1333)

Race by Region
Whites
East 30 29 41 46 45 (1649)
Midwest 31 26 43 49 40 (2082)
South 36 28 36 54 39 (2629)
West 33 28 38 50 41 (1582)

Education
College Grad. 35 28 37 51 43 (2704)
Some College 31 29 40 49 42 (2417)
High School Grad. 29 32 39 45 46 (3481)
Less than H.S. Grad 22 38 40 37 53 (993)

Family Income
$75,000+ 42 24 34 60 36 (940)
$50,000-$74,999 37 27 36 54 40 (1380)
$30,000-$49,999 32 29 39 49 43 (2601)
$20,000-$29,999 27 33 40 44 47 (1756)
Less than $20,000 22 38 40 35 55 (2099)

Community Size
Large City 24 36 40 38 53 (1614)
Suburb 35 29 36 51 43 (1860)
Small City/Town 29 32 39 44 46 (2782)
Rural Area 31 30 40 48 43 (1536)

Religious Preference
Total White Prot. 38 25 37 55 37 (4468)
White Prot. Evan. 42 25 33 59 34 (2156)
White Prot. Non-Evan. 34 26 41 52 40 (2312)
White Catholic 30 32 38 47 46 (1955)

Union Household
Yes 23 41 36 36 55 (971)
No 31 31 38 47 44 (4821)

Home Ownership
Yes 32 31 37 48 44 (5410)
No 25 33 42 39 51 (2379)

Marital Status
Married 33 29 38 50 41 (5519)
Divorced/Separated 22 35 43 36 54 (1270)
Widowed 27 44 29 36 56 (809)
Never married 26 30 44 43 49 (2012)

Marital Status by Sex
Married women 32 33 35 46 45 (2662)
Married men 34 25 41 54 37 (2857)
Unmarried women 24 40 36 36 56 (2188)
Unmarried men 26 28 47 45 46 (1903)

Parent or Guardian
Yes 31 28 41 48 44 (2756)
No 29 34 38 44 48 (4823)

Life Cycle
Under 30
Married/single no kids 31 25 44 51 42 (1067)
Married w/kids 27 27 46 46 44 (292)
30-49
Married 34 27 39 51 40 (2759)
Not married 21 35 43 35 54 (1354)
50-64
Married 34 30 36 51 41 (1305)
Not married 22 39 39 37 55 (550)
65+
Married 31 38 31 45 47 (846)
Not married 27 46 27 37 56 (754)

Single mothers 21 36 44 35 54 (681)

* Based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994-October 1995.

—TABLE B—
Demographic Profiles of the Parties*
(Percentaged Vertically)

Total Total
Total Republican Democrat Independent Republican Democrat
% % % % % %

Sex
Male 48 50 40 53 53 43
Female 52 50 60 47 47 57
100 100 100 100 100 100
Race
White 86 96 76 87 95 78
Non-white 14 4 24 12 5 22
Black 10 2 20 8 2 18
Hispanic 5 3 5 5 3 6

Age
Under 30 22 22 19 25 23 21
30-49 42 42 39 44 42 41
50-64 19 19 20 18 20 19
65+ 17 17 22 13 15 19

Sex by Age
Male
18-29 11 12 7 14 13 10
30-49 21 22 16 24 24 18
50-64 9 9 8 10 10 8
65+ 7 7 9 6 7 8
Female
18-29 11 10 11 12 10 12
30-49 21 20 24 20 19 23
50-64 10 10 12 9 9 11
65+ 10 10 13 7 9 11

Age by Race
18-29
White 18 20 13 21 21 15
Black 3 1 5 3 1 5
30-49
White 37 41 30 40 42 32
Black 5 1 10 4 1 8
50-64
White 18 19 17 18 20 16
Black 2 * 4 1 * 3
65+
White 16 17 20 13 16 17
Black 1 * 3 * * 2

Region
East 21 19 20 22 19 23
Midwest 25 24 23 27 25 25
South 34 36 37 31 35 31
West 21 21 20 20 21 21

Detailed Region
New England 5 4 6 6 5 6
Mid-Atlantic 13 14 13 13 13 13
East North Central 15 14 14 16 15 14
West North Central 10 10 10 11 10 10
South Atlantic 16 17 18 15 16 17
East South Central 7 8 8 7 8 7
West South Central 9 10 10 8 9 9
Mountain 10 10 9 10 11 9
Pacific 14 14 14 14 14 14

Education
College Grad. 21 25 19 20 24 20
Some College 23 24 21 23 24 21
High School Grad. 38 38 39 38 38 39
Less than H.S. Grad 18 13 21 18 14 20

Family Income
$75,000+ 9 13 7 8 12 7
$50,000-$74,999 14 17 12 13 16 12
$30,000-$49,999 29 31 27 30 31 27
$20,000-$29,999 21 19 21 21 20 21
Less than $20,000 27 20 33 28 21 32

Community Size
Large City 20 16 23 20 17 23
Suburb 22 26 20 21 25 21
Small City/Town 36 35 37 37 35 36
Rural Area 21 22 19 21 22 19

Religious Preference
Total White Prot. 70 74 64 69 73 65
White Prot. Evang. 34 40 31 30 38 30
White Prot. Non-Evang. 35 34 33 39 35 35
White Catholic 30 26 36 31 27 35

Union Household
Yes 17 13 21 16 13 20
No 83 87 78 83 86 79

Home Ownership
Yes 68 73 67 65 72 65
No 31 26 33 34 27 35

Marital Status
Married 56 63 52 54 62 51
Divorced/Separated 13 10 15 15 11 16
Widowed 9 8 12 6 7 11
Never married 21 18 20 24 20 23

Marital Status by Sex
Married women 28 30 29 25 28 28
Married men 29 33 23 30 34 23
Unmarried women 24 20 31 22 19 30
Unmarried men 19 17 17 23 19 20

Parent or Guardian
Yes 37 38 33 39 38 35
No 63 61 67 61 61 65

Life Cycle
Under 30
Married/single no kids 12 13 10 14 13 11
Married w/kids 4 4 3 4 4 4
30-49
Married 28 32 24 28 31 24
Not married 14 10 16 16 11 17
50-64
Married 13 15 13 12 15 12
Not married 6 4 7 6 5 7
65+
Married 9 9 10 7 9 9
Not married 8 8 12 6 7 10

Number of Interviews (9652) (2927) (2965) (3760) (4452) (4359)

* Based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994-October 1995.

—TABLE C—
Political Values by Party Identification*

Total Republican Democrat Independent
% % % %
Government efficiency
Gov’t is wasteful & inefficient 65 71 57 67
Gov’t does better job 32 27 40 30

Government regulation
Reg. is in the public interest 42 31 51 42
Reg. does more harm than good 53 64 42 53

Elected officials in Washington
Lose touch with constituents 73 74 68 77
Try hard to keep in touch 24 24 28 20

Elected officials in Washington
Care about people like me 32 35 36 29
Don’t care about people like me 64 63 61 68

Poor people
Have it easy 52 65 42 50
Have hard lives 39 26 50 39

Government should
Do more to help poor & needy 48 35 60 48
Can’t afford to do more to help 46 59 36 46

The position of blacks**
Has improved in recent years 73 76 71 73
Hasn’t improved much 23 21 26 23

Racial discrimination**
Is the reason blacks can’t
get ahead 31 25 37 32
Blacks responsible for
own condition 59 65 54 58

Best way to ensure peace
Is through military strength 36 47 29 34
Is through diplomatic means 57 47 64 60

Willingness to fight for country
Everyone should be willing to fight 50 62 46 45
It’s acceptable to refuse to fight 46 35 51 52

Power of a few large companies
Too much power concentrated 76 67 82 78
Largest co.s don’t have
too much power 19 27 14 18

Business corporations
Make too much profit 52 38 62 54
Make a fair amount of profit 43 57 34 41

Environmental protection
Should do whatever it takes 77 67 84 81
We’ve gone too far 20 30 14 16

Stricter environmental regulations
Cost too many jobs/hurt economy 34 43 30 31
Are worth the cost 61 53 64 66

Homosexuality
Society should accept it 46 34 54 50
Society should discourage it 49 62 41 45

Books with dangerous ideas
Should be banned from public
school libraries 45 48 46 41
Should not be banned 52 50 52 57

*This analysis is based on 9,652 interviews conducted from July 1994 – October
1995. Percentages in this and subsequent tables do not add to 100% because
“Don’t Know” responses are not shown.
** These percentages are based on whites only.

—TABLE D—
Political Issues by Party Identification

Total Republican Democrat Independent
% % % %
Abortion (June 1996)
Generally available 32 25 37 34
Available with restrictions 24 21 24 26
Against law except for rape/incest 33 40 30 30
Prohibited in all cases 10 12 8 8

Woman’s right to decide about
abortion should be
preserved (October 1995)
Completely agree 49 42 51 55
Mostly agree 22 22 23 21
Mostly disagree 11 12 9 11
Completely disagree 17 22 17 11

Allowing distribution
of birth control
information (June 1996)
Favor 76 66 83 80
Oppose 21 32 15 18

Allowing gay marriage (June 1996)
Favor 28 15 33 33
Oppose 65 80 58 60

Denying welfare benefits to
unwed teenagers (June 1996)
Favor 36 43 32 34
Oppose 56 52 58 59

Affirmative action programs
to help blacks, women, other
minorities get better jobs
and education (August 1995)*
Favor 58 48 73 53
Oppose 36 45 22 43

Affirmative action programs
which give special preferences
to qualified blacks,women,
other minorities(August 1995)*
Favor 46 35 59 46
Oppose 46 57 30 50

True that Medicare faces serious
financial difficulties OR 52 62 46 48
leaders saying this so they can
cut Medicare benefits to balance
budget (Aug. 1995) 37 25 44 41

Reduce rate of growth in Medicare
spending (August 1995)
Approve 34 45 24 35
Disapprove 61 50 71 60

Shift full responsibility for Medicaid
to the states (September 1995)
Favor 53 68 40 48
Oppose 40 25 51 46

Who would do better job of providing
health benefits and long term care
to poor, disabled and
elderly (September 1995)
Federal government 39 25 52 41
State governments 54 71 37 53
Neither 2 2 3 2

How important that Congress balance
budget (January 1996)
Very important 62 71 57 60
Somewhat important 28 24 30 29
Not too important 6 4 9 6
Not at all Important 3 * 3 5

* Each of these questions was asked of half the sample to test the effect of
question wording.

—TABLE E—
Profile of Dole Supporters vs. Non-Supporters Among Republicans*
(Based on Registered Voters)

Support Do Not
Dole Support Dole
% %
Sex
Male 50 40
Female 50 60

Race
White 96 90
Non-white 3 8
Black 1 3
Hispanic 3 7

Age
18-29 18 19
30-49 43 40
50+ 37 39

Education
College Graduate 29 22
Some College 25 25
High School Graduate 37 41
Less than H.S. Graduate 9 11

Family Income
$50,000+ 32 28
$30,000-$49,999 29 24
Less than $30,000 26 34

Region
East 18 26
Midwest 25 25
South 36 22
West 22 26

Ideology**
Conservative 65 43
Moderate 31 35
Liberal 3 18

Clinton Approval
Approve 11 73
Disapprove 83 19

GOP Congress Approval
Approve 81 50
Disapprove 9 37

1992 Vote
Clinton 4 32
Bush 70 31
Perot 11 17
Number of Interviews (658) (145)

* This analysis is based on surveys conducted in June 1996 and July 1996.
** The ideology measure was only available in the June 1996 survey.

—TABLE F—
Political Measures By Gender and Age Among Republicans

—-Gender—- ———-Age———-
Male Female 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+
% % % % % %
Political Values:
The analysis on political values is based on interviews conducted July 1994-October 1995.
Government efficiency
Gov’t is wasteful & inefficient 73 69 59 76 74 74
Gov’t does better job 26 28 39 23 23 22

Government regulation
Reg. is in the public interest 29 34 40 32 26 23
Reg. does more harm than good 68 61 57 65 68 69

Elected officials in Washington
Lose touch w/constituents 76 71 73 77 77 61
Try hard to keep in touch 22 26 26 20 22 33

Elected officials in Washington
Care about people like me 35 35 38 34 31 39
Don’t care about people like me 63 62 60 65 67 56

Poor people
Have it easy 69 62 68 64 66 64
Have hard lives 24 28 30 27 23 23

Government should
Do more to help poor & needy 31 39 46 34 30 29
Can’t afford to do more to help 64 55 52 61 63 61

The position of blacks
Has improved in recent years 75 76 74 74 77 80
Hasn’t improved much 23 20 24 24 19 16

Racial discrimination
Is the reason blacks can’t get ahead 24 27 32 27 19 23
Blacks responsible for own condition 68 61 64 62 70 64

Best way to ensure peace
Is through military strength 57 36 34 49 56 46
Is through diplomatic means 38 57 63 45 37 43

Willingness to fight for country
Everyone should be willing to fight 67 56 53 61 68 67
It’s acceptable to refuse to fight 30 39 45 36 27 27

Power of a few large companies
Too much power concentrated 63 71 70 70 66 59
Largest co.s don’t have too much power 33 21 27 27 26 29

Business corporations
Make too much profit 33 44 41 39 39 34
Make a fair amount of profit 64 49 57 58 56 54

Environmental protection
Should do whatever it takes 63 71 77 69 60 56
We’ve gone too far 34 26 21 28 35 38

Stricter environmental regulations
Cost too many jobs/hurt economy 50 37 36 40 50 51
Are worth the cost 48 58 63 57 45 38

Homosexuality
Society should accept it 29 39 45 36 29 24
Society should discourage it 68 56 54 61 68 68

Books with dangerous ideas
Should be banned from libraries 44 52 37 46 54 61
Should not be banned 54 45 63 52 43 34

Belief in miracles
Miracles are performed by God 84 92 90 89 89 82
No such thing as miracles 11 6 9 8 7 11

Belief in judgement day
We’ll all be called before God 82 87 83 86 87 79
No such thing as judgement day 14 9 16 10 10 14
Number of Interviews (1527) (1400) (588) (1225) (576) (503)

Political Behavior/Attitudes:
Analysis on Political Attitudes/Behavior based on June 1996 survey.
Clinton approval
Approve 22 25 30 24 18 20
Disapprove 69 68 65 69 74 65

GOP Congress approval
Approve 79 71 78 74 76 72
Disapprove 13 16 13 12 17 19

Presidential trial heat (Registered Voters)
Clinton/lean Clinton 14 20 21 14 20 16
Dole/lean Dole 84 77 78 84 78 80

Clinton favorability
Very favorable 5 5 7 4 5 5
Mostly favorable 24 25 27 26 20 20
Mostly unfavorable 41 42 42 44 37 38
Very unfavorable 30 26 22 26 35 34

Dole favorability
Very favorable 19 23 12 16 32 35
Mostly favorable 64 59 67 66 51 52
Mostly unfavorable 12 12 14 13 11 6
Very unfavorable 3 3 5 4 0 2

Congress favorability
Very favorable 8 9 12 7 9 9
Mostly favorable 51 55 55 54 52 46
Mostly unfavorable 30 25 23 32 23 26
Very unfavorable 9 6 8 4 9 12

Hillary Clinton favorability
Very favorable 3 7 9 4 4 6
Mostly favorable 21 25 19 26 10 32
Mostly unfavorable 40 37 39 41 41 28
Very unfavorable 33 28 33 28 40 29

Congressional trial heat (Registered Voters)
Republican/lean Republican 96 93 96 95 94 89
Democrat/lean Democrat 3 5 4 4 2 7

Ideology
Very conservative 10 13 11 12 14 10
Conservative 49 44 37 48 52 53
Moderate 33 31 39 32 23 31
Liberal 5 7 11 6 5 2
Very liberal 2 2 2 2 2 0

How certain will vote in 1996
Absolutely certain 80 83 67 83 91 88
Fairly certain 11 10 17 11 4 6
Not certain 2 1 2 1 1 0

How often vote
Always 45 52 34 43 57 77
Nearly always 34 32 32 40 31 14
Part of the time 12 9 13 12 9 5
Seldom 6 4 11 4 2 1
Never 2 3 8 1 0 0

Follow public affairs
Most of the time 55 35 30 45 56 56
Some of the time 28 43 42 37 31 23
Only now and then 14 15 21 13 8 18
Hardly at all 3 7 7 5 5 3

Number of Interviews
Total (312) (297) (132) (280) (92) (100)
Registered Voters (249) (253) (90) (231) (83) (93)

—–Republicans—–
—-Gender—- ——-Age——-
Male Female 18-29 30-49 50+
% % % % %

Political Issues
Abortion (June 1996)
Generally available 28 22 25 26 24
Available with restrictions 22 20 24 24 16
Against law except for rape/incest 38 42 42 39 41
Prohibited in all cases 10 15 8 11 17

Woman’s right to decide about abortion
should be preserved (October 1995)
Completely agree 41 43 ** 37 48
Mostly agree 24 20 24 17
Mostly disagree 14 10 14 8
Completely disagree 20 25 23 24

Allowing distribution of birth control
information (June 1996)
Favor 68 64 79 66 57
Oppose 29 34 20 33 38

Allowing gay marriages (June 1996)
Favor 12 18 28 14 9
Oppose 82 78 69 80 87

Denying welfare benefits to unwed teenagers
who have children (June 1996)
Favor 48 37 44 43 41
Oppose 49 55 55 50 51

True that medicare faces serious 69 56 55 68 59
financial difficulties OR
Leaders saying this so they can cut 20 29 28 18 31
medicare benefits to balance budget (Aug 1995)

Reduce rate of growth in medicare
spending (August 1995)
Approve 57 34 38 49 45
Disapprove 40 59 60 47 46

How important that Congress balance
budget (January 1996)
Very Important 78 64 ** 68 76
Somewhat Important 20 30 28 19
Not Too Important 2 5 4 4
Not at all Important 0 1 0 0

** Too Few Cases For Analysis


                                     ---TABLE G---

                        Class Fault Lines Among Republicans*

                            College  Non-College  Less than $30,000-

                            Grad.    Grad.        $30,000   $49,999   $50,000+

                              %        %             %         %         %

Anxieties:

Not having enough money

for retirement

  Very concerned              33       43            43         44       36

  Somewhat concerned          40       37            36         36       43

  Not too concerned           13        8             8         13        7

  Not at all concerned        11        9            10          5       13

Being unable to put child

through college

  Very concerned              34       39            39         44       34

  Somewhat concerned          28       23            21         21       28

  Not too concerned           14        9             9          9       11

  Not at all concerned        12       12            14          7       12

Losing/being unable to afford

a home

  Very concerned              18       34            41         25       17

  Somewhat concerned          27       16            17         26       16

  Not too concerned           23       23            17         31       24

  Not at all concerned        29       21            19         11       39

Losing job/taking cut in pay

  Very concerned              15       34            31         30       24

  Somewhat concerned          20       19            22         14       19

  Not too concerned           29       14             8         24       29

  Not at all concerned        22       16            12         24       20

Number of interviews**       (104)    (214)         (108)       (84)    (104)

Becoming a victim of crime

  Very concerned              36       48            43         53       38

  Somewhat concerned          43       31            29         33       41

  Not too concerned           17       16            21         11       19

  Not at all concerned         3        5             6          3        3

Not having adequate child care

  Very concerned              17       28            31         26       19

  Somewhat concerned           9       19            14         20       14

  Not too concerned           15       15            13         19       16

  Not at all concerned        32       14            11         13       37

Being unable to afford health

care in the future

  Very concerned              38       58            66         55       31

  Somewhat concerned          29       23            22         25       31

  Not too concerned           15        9             4         11       17

  Not at all concerned        16        8             5          8       20

Children not having good

job opportunities

  Very concerned              45       52            54         51       47

  Somewhat concerned          24       23            17         30       29

  Not too concerned           13        9            10          6       13

  Not at all concerned         9        4             3          4        8

Number of Interviews***      (99)    (224)         (107)       (96)     (94)

Government Activism Scale****:

  "1"                         17       14            15         15       18

  "2"                         19       14            13         14       20

  "3"                         31       29            28         30       30

  Total anti-government       67       58            56         59       68

  "4"                         22       24            24         25       19

  "5"                          6        9             9          8        7

  "6"                          3       10            11          7        5

  Total government activist   31       42            44         41       31

Political Measures:

Clinton approval

  Approve                     19       23            21         22       20

  Disapprove                  75       68            69         72       76

GOP Congress approval

  Approve                     82       67            63         75       84

  Disapprove                  13       22            26         19       10

Business corporations

  Make too much profit        29       41            43         43       27

  Make a fair profit          68       53            49         54       71

Number of Interviews+       (199)    (426)         (209)      (173)    (195)

*    Based on a survey conducted October 25 - 30, 1995.

**   Number of interviews for first four items.

***  Number of interviews for four previous items.

**** On this scale, "1" represents someone who believes government programs

     should be cut back very much in order to lower taxes and reduce the power

     of government, and "6" represents someone who feels that government

     programs that help needy people and deal with important national problems

     should be maintained.

+    Number of interviews for four previous items.